The freely available online Academic Phrasebank contains hundreds of sentence templates for the rhetorical moves typically used in academic dissertations and research papers. Originating in a corpus of some hundred postgraduate dissertations completed at the University of Manchester, Academic Phrasebank continues to enlarge its stock of generic language, expanding its corpus to include academic articles from a range of disciplines. Academic Phrasebank is used by university graduates and researchers — both native and non-native speakers of English — for familiarizing oneself with and exercising the various communicative functions typical of academic texts in Anglo-Saxon style, given in the form of generic English language templates. The sentence templates of Academic Phrasebank may be navigated according to functions specific to academic research articles:. The section Introducing Work of Academic Phrasebank devoted to introductions accordingly gives phrases useful for the primary functions of. For each of these functions numerous examples of generic language are listed.

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The phrasebank is now available as part of the Word AddIn. New buttons and options have been added to the AddIn for the users to access the academic phrasebank and search through academic phrases. A selection of academic phrases from the phrasebank has been made available above for demonstration purposes.

The search results are limited to five academic phrases in the demo version. Academic phrasebank refers to a library containing a collection of English phrases that can be readily used in scientific papers and academic reports. These academic phrases were extracted from high-quality scientific journal articles by a team of academic experts. Only very small chunks of generic text were extracted from previous papers, and hence the use of these academic phrases in new papers will not constitute plagiarism.

The academic phrases in the phrasebank are organized in the order in which you will be required to use in a scientific paper. The academic phrases can be accessed by simply clicking on each category. The various categories available within the academic phrasebank is illustrated below in the following figure. The tool will perform an analysis on the selected text and bring up relevant categories from the academic phrasebank. Then the academic phrases belonging to the categories can be accessed by simply clicking on the category name.

The screenshot below demonstrates how you can search for categories relevant to your writing in the academic phrasebank. The tool will search through the academic phrases and bring up phrase templates relevant to the selected text.

The user can use this collection of phrases to get paraphrasing ideas for the text. Furthermore, the user can bring up more similar phrases by clicking on the more button … that is shown next to each phrase template in the search results panel.

The figure below illustrates how to get paraphrasing ideas from the academic phrasebank. The Manchester academic phrasebank is the most popular resource of academic writing phrases and was put together by Dr John Morley at The University of Manchester. The academic phrase bank is available in different forms, it is accessible through their website and is also available to purchase as an e-book. One of the motivations behind REF-N-WRITE Phrasebank is to create a fully searchable library of academic phrases that students and researchers can search on-the-fly while writing their papers.

Academic writing is different from normal every day writing in the sense that most words and terms used in general writing will be considered colloquial if used in research papers. One of the requirements of academic writing is that it requires the use of formal language in writing. We define formal language as the use of well-accepted scientific terms and phrases widely used by your peers in your subject area.

In other words, the language you use in your academic essay or paper should be broadly in line with the one used by your academic or research community.

Such a skill is not easy to acquire, it takes time. Typically, your academic supervisor will provide guidance in this regard. When you are writing a research paper, your academic supervisor will review the paper first and provide you with suggestions to improve the language.

The benefit of using a good academic phrasebank is that you can start perfecting the writing right from the start as you will be able to lookup for academic phrases and scientific words as you write your first draft.

This will reduce the need for multiple revisions as your first version will be in a state that is academically acceptable. Phrase Bank Writing Ideas. Paraphrase Get Writing Ideas Reset.

Phrase Templates. Academic Phrasebank Academic phrasebank refers to a library containing a collection of English phrases that can be readily used in scientific papers and academic reports. Getting Writing Ideas from the Phrasebank. Please check out our training videos. We have made the tutorials short and informative.

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Academic Phrasebank – The Largest Collection of Academic Phrases

You may find this phrasebank for ideas of how to introduce new ideas or wrap up something you have been discussing. One of the most significant current discussions in legal and moral philosophy is It is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore the X is the leading cause of death in western industrialised countries. X is a common disorder characterised by X is an important component in the climate system, and plays a key role in Y. Recent developments in X have heightened the need for


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The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. Other phrases are listed under the more general communicative functions of academic writing see the menu on the left. The resource should be particularly useful for writers who need to report their research work. The phrases, and the headings under which they are listed, can be used simply to assist you in thinking about the content and organisation of your own writing, or the phrases can be incorporated into your writing where this is appropriate.

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