Civil and Commercial Code. The goal of this brief introduction is to offer a first guide for legal technicities in order to make the Civil Code easier to read, which will be surely studied in depth by the doctrine and specialized jurisprudence and spread to its addressees, the people, to whom this Code is destined to. Fragment of the presentation. Comentado Director: Ricardo L.
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Civil and Commercial Code. The goal of this brief introduction is to offer a first guide for legal technicities in order to make the Civil Code easier to read, which will be surely studied in depth by the doctrine and specialized jurisprudence and spread to its addressees, the people, to whom this Code is destined to. Fragment of the presentation. Comentado Director: Ricardo L. The idea was to elaborate, with the participation of relevant jurists, a piece that allows professionals to study and understand the changes introduced by the New Code.
The state of Enivronmental Law. The environmental paradigm. Utopic and analytical phase. Nature as a scarce resource. Environmental Law. Legally protected goods. The legally protected environmental good. Nature as a subject. Principles and directives. Principles of prevention and precaution. Legal qualification. Application of the principle. The balance between risks and benefits. Paradigmatic changes.
The environmental function. Water and landscape regulations. The case of the Atuel River. The landscape: a challenge in the legal theory of Environmental Law.
Environmental law and its application. The volunteer application. The civil responsibility system on environmental damage. The sentence. Atypical rulings. The constitutional problem. Annex: relevant rulings in Comparative Law. Contract theory. Conceptions regarding the contract, the basis of contractual obligations and the contract model. Public order and contractual function. Constitutional protection of the contract. Principles applicable to contracts. The functions of contract law.
How to resolve contract cases. Dogmatic of the contract. Elements of the concept. Unitary and systemic theories. Normative hierarchy in contract regulation. Classification of contracts. The formation of the contract: consent. The manifestation of will. The offer. The acceptation. The moment when the contract is perfected. Contractual obligation without consent.
Negotiation: agreements to negotiate and pre-contractual liability. Agreements to negotiate a contract. The pre-contractual liability. Items and defects of consent. Argument structure. Ability to hire. Defects of consent. The injury. Object and content. Validity of the object. Legal rules referring to the object.
The cause. The form. The proof. Means of proof. The burden of proof. Interpretation, qualification and integration of the contract. Delimitation of the subject. The interpretive act and its rules. Subjective effects of the contract: parties, third parties, contractual connection, third party actions.
Contractual part. Universal successors. The revision and the frustration of the contract. Theoretical foundations of the revision. The revision of the contract based on the frustration of the goal and the abuse of rights. Inefficiency and extinction. Structural inefficiency. Functional inefficiency.
Effects against third parties: unenforceability. End of contract. The contractual responsibility. Non-contractual liability. Post-contractual liability. Damage caused to the contract or by the contract. Special Modalities. Effects of bilateral contracts and onerous contracts. The commission pact and the resolution. The obligation of sanitation in onerous contracts. Contracts signed for membership and consumption. Differentiation from the general type of contracts: discretionary and consumer contracts.
Contracts concluded by accession. The collective conflict. Typicity The collective process. Notion, characters, fundamentals, objectives. Creation of the Public Registry of Collective Actions. Rights on homogeneous individual interests. Jurisprudential Evolution and Comparative Law. Collective judgment. The ruling on homogeneous individual interests and collective assets.
The constitutional issue. Provincial legislation.
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Object permanence in orangutans Pongo pygmaeus and squirrel monkeys Saimiri sciureus. The authors tested orangutans Pongo pygmaeus and squirrel monkeys Saimiri sciureus on object permanence tasks. In Experiment 1, orangutans solved all visible displacements and most invisible displacements except those involving movements into 2 boxes successively. In Experiment 2, performance of orangutans on double invisible displacements and control displacements assessing simple strategies was compared. Orangutans did not use the simple strategy of selecting the box visited last by the experimenter. Instead, poorer performance on double invisible displacements may have been related to increased memory requirements. In Experiment 3, squirrel monkeys were tested using the procedure of Experiment 1.