Articles Comments. November 3rd, 5 Comments. We have written briefly about each of the books among the six and have published on FreeKitab. In this post, we have compiled the links to each of these books for the readers to have easy access. Other four books contain few weak narrations as well.
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Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Al kutub al-sittah wikipedia 1. Significance Sunni Muslims view the six major hadith collections as their most important. They are, in order of authenticity: 1. Sahih Bukhari, collected by Imam Bukhari d. Sahih Muslim, collected by Muslim b. Sunan al-Sughra, collected by al-Nasai d.
Sunan Abu Dawood, collected by Abu Dawood d. Jami al-Tirmidhi, collected by al-Tirmidhi d. Sunan ibn Majah, collected by Ibn Majah d. The authors of the six collections are as follows: 1. Muhammad b. Ismail al-Bukhari, the author of the Sahih Bukhari, which he composed over a period of sixteen years.
Traditional sources quote Bukhari as saying that he did not record any hadith before performing ablution and praying. Muslim b. Abu Dawood Sulaiman b. Retrieved History of hadith 2 History of hadith Traditions regarding the life of Muhammad and the early history of Islam were passed down both orally and written for more than a hundred years after the death of Muhammad in According to Muslims, the collection of hadith or sayings by or about the prophet Muhammad was a meticulous and thorough process that began right at the time of Muhammad.
Needless to say hadith collection even in the written form began very early on — from the time of Muhammad and continued through the centuries that followed.
This article goes through the historical evolution of the hadith literature from its beginning in the 7th century to present day. Writing in the Pre-Islamic Period Prior to the advent of Islam, memorization was the primary means of conveyance of information amongst the Arabs. This was due to two reasons. The first, was that early on they had been prohibited from doing so, as has been established in Sahih Muslim, lest the hadith become confused with the Quran. The second was due to expansive capability of their ability to memorize and because the majority of them were unable to write.
If they were to write, it was unrefined, not conforming to the written alphabet. Thus, the prohibition was due to the fear of erring while writing. As for writing in its entirety having been prohibited, then this was not the case as we see from another hadith, Convey what I say. Present within the command to convey is permission to write and record. And the Prophet is human who speaks while angry and pleased?
Nothing emanates from this except the truth. Muhammad replied: Ask your right hand for help. Please write down these [words] for me! In all likelihood, the apostates began to forge hadiths to suit their purposes. For this reason, Abu Bakr, and his successor, Umar, were very strict in their acceptance of hadiths as authentic, for fear of accepting a forged hadith.
He is portrayed by Sunnis as desiring to initiate this project but unwilling to do so, fearing that Muslims might then neglect the Quran. Uthmans labors were cut short by his assassination, at the hands of aggrieved people who had come to the capital to seek redressal from the Caliph for the wrongs done by his secretary, Merwan ibn Hakam, on 17 June A.
The Muslim community ummah then fell into a prolonged civil war, termed the Fitna by Muslim historians. After the fourth caliph, Ali ibn Abi Talib, was assassinated, control of the Islamic empire was seized by the Umayyad dynasty in A. Ibn Munabbih wrote down these hadith, the original manuscripts of which are present even to this day in the libraries of Berlin, Beirut and Damascus.
Thus if these were Ahl al-Sunna their traditions were accepted, but if they were heretics, their traditions were not accepted. History of hadith 4 The beginning of systematic hadith collection The beginning of the systematic collection and compilation of hadith began during the time of the second generation of Muslims, that of the Followers. Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Ubaydullah, commonly known as ibn Shihab al-Zuhri, was a prolific and prominent hadith narrator from the Followers whom Ibn Hajar identified as a tabii.
It was after this that the compilation, then the authoring of books of hadith became commonplace, resulting in much good. Muslim historians say that hadith collection and evaluation continued during the first Fitna and the Umayyad period. However, much of this activity was presumably oral transmission from early Muslims to later collectors, or from teachers to students. The scholars of the Abbasid period were faced with a huge corpus of miscellaneous traditions, some of them flatly contradicting each other.
Many of these traditions supported differing views on a variety of controversial matters. Scholars had to decide which hadith were to be trusted as authentic narrations and which had been invented for various political or theological purposes. For this purpose, they used a number of techniques in hadith studies. Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri 2. Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm 3. Musannaf of ibn Jurayj —? Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih — — CE 6. Muwatta of Malik bin Anas — — CE 8. Sufyan al-Thawri Canonical texts The efforts culminated with the six canonical collections after having received impetus from the establishment of the sunna as the second source of law in Islam, particularly through the efforts of the famous jurist Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafii.
Even much of modern Muslim scholarship, while continuing to debate the validity or authenticity of individual hadiths or perhaps the hadiths of a particular transmitter, employs the same methods and biographical materials. History of hadith 5 Contemporary Analysis In , Gustav Weil, noted that Muhammad al-Bukhari deemed only 4, of his original , hadiths to be authentic.
He was soon followed by Aloys Sprenger, who also suggests that many of the hadiths cannot be considered authentic. This is clarified by other statements of Bukhari in which he made it clear that he considered all of the hadith in his authentic, but not all authentic hadith are included in his Sahih.
Al-Dhahabi quoted Bukhari as saying, "I have memorized one hundred thousand authentic hadith and two hundred thousand that are not authentic. The subsequent direction the Western debate took, a direction which has focussed on the role of hadiths in the origin and development of early Muslim jurisprudence, is largely due to the work of Joseph Schacht.
Juynboll, Michael Cook and other Schachtians subsequently embraced and elaborated upon this theory. In , Fahad A. Hadith Literature. History of hadith 6 htm on Masudi, vol. BBC News. His father, Ismail Ibn Ibrahim, was a known hadith scholar who died while he was young The historian al-Dhahabi described his early academic life: He began studying hadith in the year A. He was raised by his mother because his father died when he was an infant.
He traveled with his mother and brother in the year after having heard the narrations of his region. He began authoring books and narrating hadith while still an adolescent. At that time I also authored a book of history at the grave of the Prophet at night during a full moon.
Muhammad al-Bukhari 8 Travels At age of sixteen, he, together with his brother and widowed mother made the pilgrimage to Makkah.
Al-Kutub Al-Sittah: 6 Sahih Hadith Books ARABIC IN 1 VOLUME
They were first formally grouped and defined by Ibn al-Qaisarani in the 11th century, who add Sunan ibn Majah to the list. Not all Sunni Muslim jurisprudence scholars agree on the addition of Ibn Majah. In particular, the Malikis and Ibn al-Athir consider al-Mawatta' to be the sixth book. Sunni Muslims view the six major hadith collections as their most important, though the order of authenticity varies between Madhhabs : . The first two, commonly referred to as the Two Sahihs as an indication of their authenticity, contain approximately seven thousand hadiths altogether if repetitions are not counted, according to Ibn Hajar. According to the Cambridge History of Iran :  "After this period commences the age of the authors of the six canonical collections of Sunni hadith, all of whom were Persian, except Imam Malik.