It relates to various legal issues concerning transportation of cargo by road. It has been ratified by the majority of European states. The CMR waybill is prepared in three languages. On the back is the text again in three languages. This aids the waybill in being accepted and recognised throughout Europe.
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We help you to automate your processes and to reduce your cost. Register now for free! CMR stands for " C onvention relative au contrat de transport international de m erchandises par r oute" and translated from the French means "Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road".
The international agreement constitutes an international treaty on international inland transport. The Convention was signed in and applies throughout Europe. Agreements that conflict with CMR are null and void. If the CMR does not cover certain topics, then the national transport law is complementary.
The agreement remains valid only when road vehicles are loaded. Containers and swap bodies are only valid in connection with the corresponding vehicle. Also excluded are transports of postal goods in accordance with the provisions of the International Postal Convention , removal goods and corpses.
The CMR also applies if the vehicle is transported together with the goods on another means of transport such as a ferry. Status November CMR liability is mainly a strict liability, whereby the carrier is liable for the damage incurred independently of fault within the period of custody.
In addition, the carrier is also responsible for any misconduct on the part of the staff servants and subcontractors employed by him. The liability independent of fault is limited in value. The lifting of the limitation of liability shall only come into effect if the carrier or his personnel have caused damage through qualified fault.
Qualified fault means that the damage is caused intentionally or by fault on the part of the carrier which is equivalent to intent. The carrier's exemption from liability shall come into force if the damage is caused either by the conduct or instructions of the person entitled to dispose of the goods usually the sender , in which case the carrier was unable to intervene, or if the damage is caused by certain events as described in article 17, paragraph 4 of the CMR.
If there are several carriers, they shall be jointly and severally liable for the damage suffered. If the carrier suffers damage as a result of the sender's misconduct, the sender shall be liable accordingly.
The strict liability limits the maximum compensation to 8. The compensation shall be calculated on the basis of the value at the place and time of takeover. An increase in the maximum amount of liability is only possible by declaring the value, which usually means payment of a surcharge by the sender.
CMR limits the compensation in case of exceeding the delivery time, if a proven damage resulted from it, to the amount of the freight. An extension of liability is only possible through a declaration of value, which usually has a positive effect on the freight charge.
Optimize your transports with the CargoApps. Join the CargoApps platform with. Join the CargoApps-Platform for free, use our tools and get more relevant information regarding transportation. Features Order management Subcontractor management Toll calculator Truck cost calculator Truck route planner Telematics. Signup Login. Blog CMR consignment note free templates and forms Real-time border crossing times for trucks in Europe Incoterms simply explained definition, graphics, Our mission statement.
Back to all blogs. Share this article on your favorite social media platform. Table of contents What does CMR mean? When does the CMR apply? Which countries are CMR member states? Regulations for the contracting parties by the CMR Sender: assignment of the international land transport to the carrier payment of the carrier according to the agreed freight depending on the agreement with the consignee safe packaging of the goods unless otherwise agreed timely provision of all important information regarding the goods especially in the case of dangerous goods as well as the delivery of the required freight documents right of disposal over the goods is on the part of the sender unless otherwise agreed until delivery then it is transferred to the consignee The obligation to load, unload and stow goods is not expressly regulated within CMR.
Carrier: Ensuring safe and timely transport to the agreed transport destination prohibition to tranship the goods unless there is a contractual agreement or an instruction from the sender in exceptional cases Consignee: right to delivery of a copy of the consignment note and delivery of the goods payment of the freight in the amount of the value stated in the consignment note plus the costs incurred by the transport, such as freight surcharges, demurrage, customs duties, import turnover tax depending on the agreement with the sender Issue of an acknowledgement of receipt to the carrier CMR Liability General information on liability: CMR liability is mainly a strict liability, whereby the carrier is liable for the damage incurred independently of fault within the period of custody.
Liability for loss of or damage to goods The strict liability limits the maximum compensation to 8. Liability for exceeding the delivery deadline CMR limits the compensation in case of exceeding the delivery time, if a proven damage resulted from it, to the amount of the freight. Optimize your transports with the CargoApps Join the CargoApps platform with Join the CargoApps-Platform for free, use our tools and get more relevant information regarding transportation.
CMR consignment note (free templates and forms)