Hakim-ul-Ummat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi diagnoses the disease of the Ummah and provides the prescription for its sure cure. Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi was born in A. Commonly referred to as Hakim al-Ummat 'Sage of the Ummah' , was a giant among the Islamic scholars of the twentieth century. A prolific writer, he had more than a thousand publications to his credit. He wrote for the minimally literate as effectively as he did for scholars. Nearly a century later some of his books remain as popular as they were when originally published.
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Listen for yourself right now. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Hayatul muslimeen 1. Chapter No. Islam and Iman Both the words, Islam and Iman, are used synonymously.
And, in the Akhirah he the one who chooses another religion will be ruined. Such people are the inmates of the Fire; therein will they remain forever.
He is also deprived of inheritance. He will not inherit in the estate of any Muslim. After death there is no Janaazah Salaat for him. If a murtad one who renounced Islam returns to the fold of Islam, he will haveto renew his Nikah with the woman who was previously his wife. This renewal will be with her consent and approval.
If she refuses, it cannot be imposed on her and she cannot be compelled to marry him. Whoever commits kufr i. Undoubtedly, those who were first Muslims then became kaffir; then again Muslims; then again kaafir and remained so to the last , have gone multiplying in kufr.
Allah will never forgive such people nor will He show them the Road of Jannat. Therein there condition will be such that when their skins have become scorched and burnt out , We will immediately replace the skin so that they suffer the punishment forever. Verily, Allah is most Powerful and the Wise. Aayat No. They will dwell therein forever. Therein will be pure wives for them.
We will enter them into a dense shade of coolness. Other aayaat and ahadith explain these in greater detail. O Muslims! The life of this world is insignificant. If you remain steadfast onIslam irrespective of whether you have to suffer some hardship, the comforts and luxuries which you will experience and enjoy immediately after death, willobliterate the memory of any difficulty or hardship which you had undergone here on earth.
If due to some baneful motive, greed, fear or hardship you turned away from Islam Allah forbid! You will experience and suffer such terror and punishmentimmediately after death that you will forget whatever comfort and luxury you had enjoyed here on earth. You will never be able to escape that misfortune anddread which will overtake you after death. Hence, a person with the least amountof understanding will not renounce Islam for the sake of even the kingdom of the whole world.
O Allah! Guide our brethren and straighten their intelligence. No Muslim can say that there is no need to reform thedegraded and stagnant condition of the Ummah. Like physical ailments havecauses, so too have spiritual ailments. Like the cure for physical disease isthe elimination of the causes, so too, the cure for spiritual disease is theelimination of its causes.
Once the causes of the spiritual disease have beeneliminated, spiritual health and vigour will be the result. There are twofactors to be dealt with in this regard Diagnosis to establish the causes. Ways and means of eliminating these causes.
Death of Islamic knowledge, i. Lack of determination. In the absence of knowledge, the essential laws of the Deen remain hidden.
Lackof determination impedes practice even if one possesses knowledge. Ways and means of eliminating the causes of our degradationThis is the most important factor which demands the greatest attention and thefirmest resolution. Now, each of these two parts has to be attended to andeliminated in different ways.
Both the Ulama and the seekers of knowledge have arole to play in the elimination of ignorance and for each group the programme ofaction is different. The laymen, i. The wealthy who have the meansshould liberate their sons and dedicate them to the purpose of acquiring Deeniknowledge. Although worldly knowledge may be pursued, this should be only to thedegree of necessity and be kept subservient to the Deen.
The pursuit of worldlylearning should never be allowed to eclipse Islamic knowledge. In this way thenew generation the offspring of the present generation will be reformed. The elders themselves should engage in the acquisition of knowledge. Arrangements must be made with an Alim or one well-versed in Deeni knowledge. Ilm should be acquired from such a person systematically. If possible acquirethe knowledge through the medium of the Arabic language, for Arabic is themedium of greater insight.
If this is not possible, then acquire through themedium of Urdu. On the advice of an experienced Alim, a set of Urdu books shouldbe studied. The books prescribed should comprehensively explain the variousbranches of the Deen, Viz. Each book should be studied twice or thrice under the guidance of anUstad.
If this is not possible, then complete each book at least once by anUstad. Thereafter study it several times to your own. Those not in position to devote much time to the acquisition of knowledgebecause of involvement in earning of livelihood should also study a set of Urdubooks. These books should be prescribed for their children as well and should bestudied repeatedly. This system of self-study should be adopted untilarrangements could be made to enlist the service of an Ustad who can teach thebooks.
The studies should proceed systematically and with regularity. Should anysection in the books not be clear then make a mark and when meeting a person of 5. But, neverfrom your own opinion, for this can be very dangerous. Those who are unable to read and for some reason cannot dedicate their childrento the acquisition of knowledge academically, should initiate among themselvesclasses for Deeni knowledge. They should make an effort to obtain the service ofa qualified Alim who will teach them the authentic books of Islam.
If aqualified Alim is not available then enlist the service of one who has benefitedfrom the company of Ulama. If such an instructor is not available free, thecommunity should make arrangements to pay him.
The classes should be conductedwith regularity, preferable daily.
Hayat -ul- Muslimeen By Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanvi (r.a)